How to Set Up your own personal home PLEX Media Server

Plex Media Server is a user-friendly way to access all of your movies, T.V. shows, Music and other media stored in one place, typically at home–and make it accessible from almost any other device, whether you’re at home, work, or on-the-go. If you’re looking for a no-hassle way to use your media anywhere you have internet, this is it.

What Is Plex Media Server?

Here’s a common scenario that all too many people find themselves in. You have media files–music, movies, TV shows, and even photos–but you don’t have an easy way to easily access them on your bountiful and varied devices.

Do you copy your Blu-ray rips over to your laptop? What about your phone–do you still convert the files so they’re smaller and compatible? Do you fling shows to your TV via your desktop and Chromecast? Do you upload all your photos to your Google or iCloud account to send them to your TV via Apple TV? What about your music? What if you’re away from home on a business trip and you want to stream your TV shows to your iPad?

Even for serious geeks with a lot of experience managing their media, it can be a huge pain to get all your devices talking and accessing the same collection. It doesn’t HAVE to be that way, though. Plex is a centralized media server system that eliminates virtually every problem you run into while managing a large personal media collection.

The Plex model is simple: you park all your media on a single computer with the Plex server software installed, and then you install Plex on on all your other devices. You can install it on Windows, Linux, or Mac computers as well as Android and iOS, video game consoles like Xbox and PlayStation, your Apple TV, and there are even smart TVs that come with Plex built right in. Then, from any of those devices, you can remotely access your entire media library and watch it with no hassle.

Plex Server graphic

Further, because the Plex model is a server/client one, you don’t have to worry about copying files to your various devices and dealing with issues like playback quality, video resolution, and other details. Your Plex server will, transcode all your media content on the fly, so that it plays properly on whatever device you’re using. Want to watch your TV show in the backyard on your iPhone? No problem. Want to watch it on your laptop at friends house? Also no problem. Want to hook your new smart TV right into your media collection without any additional hardware? Buy the right TV and that’s no problem either. In short, running Plex is like running your own private and polished streaming service, where you’re the one curating the collection.

That sounds pretty fantastic, huh? Not only do you get on-demand streaming to all your devices but you get absolutely beautiful metadata and art to go along with it from Plex’s built in agents that search and download video art and metadata for you.

Plex Apple TV App

The Plex media library as seen from the Apple TV Plex app.

Let’s take a closer look at what you need to get started and then jump right into preparing your media collection for Plex, installing Plex, and–everyone’s favorite part–accessing your Plex media collection.

What You’ll Need

Plex is a really bug-free and tuned product, and once you get it up and running it’s about as headache free as it gets. That said, however, the most important thing is to go into the experience with a clear picture of what you need and how all the pieces of your Plex setup work together.

Home Is Where Your Server Is

First and foremost, you need a computer that houses all the files and runs Plex Media Server. You can install Plex on Windows, Linux, OS X, and even on dedicated server software like FreeNAS and on NAS hardware like the Synology system (you can see all their supported platforms for the Media Server app here). But regardless of what platform you choose, it’ll have to be a computer that’s always turned on if you plan to use it anytime anywhere. There’s no point in having a comprehensive streaming solution for all your personal media needs if, when you go to access it, the content is offline.

In addition to always being on, you’ll want the server computer to have a decent amount of processing power to handle the aforementioned transcoding. The more users you expect to be watching at once, the better hardware you want. Plex media server still works on older hardware but it will automatically disable transcoding if the hardware is insufficient, and playback will suffer and stutter on really old or under-powered hardware.

So, you’ll want as beefy of a CPU as you can spare. Plex recommend at least an Intel i3 processor (or equivalent) or better with at least 2GB of RAM (RAM isn’t particularly important to Plex). You can read over their hardware recommendations here.

Lastly, you’ll want a lot of hard drive space–enough to store all the movies, TV shows, music, and photos you have. These days the assumption that most people already have adequate storage is probably a fair one on my part. I have a 2 TB Seagate external HDD I have been using as my main movie drive for Plex, literally for years with no issues, with management keeping it from being too full isn’t impossible.

If you already have some hardware laying around you aren’t using, by all means give it a shot. Worst case scenario, you find that file playback is unsatisfactory. Best case scenario, you find that the old hardware works fine and you avoid purchasing any new gear.

You can check out the available platforms for the server software here.

A Client For Every Device

The server is just one half of the Plex system. The other half is the “client” app, or the app you do all the watching from. While you can play the media from the server’s web-based control panel in a browser, it’s like watching Netflix in your web browser–most people prefer to sit down in their living room or watch on their mobile devices. And for that, you need the Plex client app to access your Plex server.

Plex graphic 2

You can find a Plex app for just about every platform you can imagine: Android, iOS, Windows Phone, Apple TV, Roku, and more. One thing that has been a source of confusion regarding Plex is whether or not it is free–and a big amount of this confusion  hinges on the fact that the mobile apps have a fee. Not untypical for apps these days in my opinion.

The Plex media server software has always been free. Most of the 3rd party client apps have always been free. The client apps created by Plex devs themselves for phones/tablets etc have a small fee to purchase. The iOS Plex client app costs $4.99 as well as the Android app. It’s 5 bucks, big deal, totally worth it several times over anyways and devs need beer money too.

Plex has two ways of dealing with the paid apps. If you only need one app, you may wish to just activate that single app. The other option is to buy a Plex Pass, which is like a subscription service that gives you both access to all paid apps, plus benefits like syncing to your mobile devices for offline access and cloud-based file storage. If you need many apps across multiple platforms and you want the premium features, you might consider the Pass subscription for $4.99 a month or a $149.99 lifetime pass.

You can read more about which apps are paid, which are free, and the differences between a free Plex membership and a premium one here. To check platform availability and download a client app for your platform, check out the Plex downloads page here.

Now that we’ve looked at the general guidelines for selecting a device for your Plex server, and how to get the client software, let’s look at the rather important step of organizing your media.

Step One: Consolidate and Organize Your Media

Plex works best if all your media content is well organized and in the proper structure. Multiple drives are fine, that in mind, you should have all your media HDD’s plugged into the same device you’re installing the Plex server software–whether it’s an old desktop computer, a dedicated storage server in your basement, or a NAS device, laptop whatever.

Further, you want to organize your media into a proper alphabetical folder structure that keeps major media types separated and easy for both you and Plex to sift and parse through.

If you’ve already invested any time in organizing your media, especially if you’ve used media center software like XBMC/Kodi in the past, then there’s a good chance you’ve already got a perfect, or nearly perfect, folder structure in place.

Here’s a simple example of a proper directory structure for Plex

/Media/
    /Movies/
        /MovieName (Year)/
            MovieName (Year).ext
    /Music/
        /ArtistName - AlbumName/
            Track# - TrackName.ext
    /TV Shows/
        /ShowName/
            /Season 01/
                ShowName - s01e01.ext
    /Photos/
        /Album Name/
            Image.ext

In the above directory structure, you see that the major media categories are separated into distinct sub-folders (like Movies and TV Shows) and that each media type has a pretty straight forward naming convention. Movies go in folders named after the movie; best practice is to include the year in parentheses to cut down on confusion. Music is organized in a straight forward Artist Name/Album Name format. TV shows are organized by the name, season, and episodes are tagged with both stats with the “s00e00” format. Photos are even easier–Plex just reads the album name off the folder and loads up the images inside.

While the above examples cover pretty much 99% of the territory you may find you need a little extra guidance when naming DVD .ISO files or other less common formats. If you need additional help cleaning up your media check out the Plex guide to media preparation here.

A final note on organizing your media for Plex: if you’ve used or are currently using another media center software (like KODI or an old XMBC setup), don’t worry about your metadata. You can safely run KODI/XBMC and Plex completely in parallel with no risk to your metadata, as neither application uses the same metadata files.

Step Two: Install Plex Media Server

The foundation of the setup, beautifully organized media aside, is the Plex Media Server application. For our tutorial today we’ll be installing it on a Windows machine but, small nuances aside, the installation process is practically identical across all platforms as the majority of the process is done from within the Plex web-based control panel.

Plex Web Server graphic

Head over to the downloads page and grab a copy of Plex Media Server for your platform. Run the installer and relax for a minute. When the installer is complete, Plex will automatically launch, and should load the web control panel for you. If it does not, open your web browser and navigate to http://127.0.0.1:32400/ on that computer. (Alternatively, you can access it from another computer on your network by replacing the 127.0.0.1 address with the local network IP address of your computer or NAS device).

After accepting the user agreement,  you’ll be prompted to sign into your Plex account. On the off chance that you have an old Plex account from previous experiments with the platform, sign in. Otherwise, click on the “Sign Up” link and sign up for a new account.

PLEX sign in

After your first sign in, you’ll get a rundown of all the features of the Plex Pass premium service. While I happen to think the premium service is pretty great, let’s not get ahead of ourselves–use Plex for awhile to determine if you want to invest in it. Close out the popup window to return to the server setup.

The first step is to name your server. By default, the server is named after the network name of the machine upon which it is installed. You can change the server name to something more exciting than say “Dad Office” or leave it as is.

Plex server setup graphic

Next, it’s time to add media to our library. Select “Add Library”.

Plex Server setup 2

Here you can add many different library types: movies, TV shows, music, photos, and home videos.

Plex Add library

Let’s start off by adding some movie files. Select “Movies” and then, in the drop down menu that appears, name your movie library and select a language. For most people leaving the default name of “Movies” should suffice. Click “Next”.

Plex Add library 2

Now it’s time to point Plex at the actual files, select “Browse for media folder” and select the folder that houses your movie files. Once you’ve selected the folder(s), click “Add library” to complete the process.

Plex Browse

Repeat these steps for TV shows, music, and/or photos. It isn’t necessary to populate all the libraries, of course–if you’re using Plex solely for TV shows, then go ahead and ignore all the other library entries.

The final step of the initial server setup is to allow remote access to your media server and send anonymous data to Plex. Both are checked by default, and we recommend you leave them checked unless you have a pressing reason to uncheck them. Select “Done”. Port forwarding, that is necessary for remote access should be done now inside your home networks router utility. This is to allow port 32400, predetermined by Plex, to be accessible outside of your network and over the internet.  Tutorials for this are easy to find online. Google your router model and port forwarding tutorial if you do not know how.

Plex update graphic

At this point you’ll be sent into the web-based control panel for your Plex server. Depending on how quickly your machine is working, you may see “Updating libraries…” or you may already have content to display like this.

Plex your libraryNote, for the first few hours or even for the first day, the “recently added” section isn’t particularly useful as everything was recently added to the library. Things will calm down shortly and recently added will become useful again over the coming days. You’ll also see an “On Deck” portion appear up top after you begin to watch and use media. This shows what has recently been used.

While you can browse through all your media libraries right from the Plex control panel (and even watch content right in the web browser), it’s more useful for checking in on your library and less useful for actually enjoying your content. Let’s look at how you can access Plex with a remote client.

Step Three: Access Your Plex Media Server from Elsewhere

At this point we’ve done all the hard work, which wasn’t even hard. Once you have the actual Plex media server up and running, it’s totally smooth crusin’. How smooth? Because your entire library is stored on one central server, you can easily tap into it from any computer, smartphone, or other device and get the exact same experience–the same media, same meta data, same recently added list, same database tracking what shows you’ve watched and which ones you need to catch up on.

Search for the app in your phone/tablet/TV’s app store, install it, and launch it. Again, I used the Android app for this instance on an older Nexus 6 smartphone, but they’re all essentially interchangeable. Click “Sign In” and use the same credentials you created when you set up your server.

Plex mobile sign in graphic

Boom. You are instantly connected to your media collection.

Plex Mobile app

 

That’s Plex’s strongest element right there: centralization makes everything run so smoothly. If we tap on the “Browse” button, seen in the lower right corner of the Plex app, we can then select from our available media. Let’s do that and then select “TV shows”.

How about some Westworld? Why not, we’ll select a an episode.

 

With but a few taps after logging in, we’re watching an episode without missing a beat.

 

 

And that’s all there is to it! If you have local media and a desire to use that local media anywhere in your house or even away from home and on any device, Plex Media Center is an all-in-one solution that makes enjoying your movies, TV shows, and even family photos and videos, an absolute breeze.

Jason Kriewaldt, Contributor.

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